Sheikh Shakhbout bin Sultan Al Nahyan Biography
Sheikh Shakhbout bin Sultan Al Nahyan also known as Nahayyan or Nahayan was born in 1905 in Abu Dhabi and died on Feb 11, 1989. He ruled Abu Dhabi from the year 1928 and was toppled in 1966. He was successful in preventing the incursions during a long term dispute at borders with Saudi Arabia as he had maintained friendly relations with United Kingdom, being the ruler of largest emirate within British-controlled Trucial Coast (known as United Arab Emirates now).
In mid-1960’s, he was successful in earning over $70 million per year by supporting and permitting drilling for the exploration of oil. He was aloof towards cooperative efforts with other Trucial states and hesitant to disburse the earnings of Abu Dhabi in major developmental projects or schools. He was replaced by his much progressive younger brother Sheikh Zayed ibn Sultan by A council of Abu Dhabi royal Nahyan family on Aug 06, 1966. He returned to the palace four years of being exiled.
|Real Name||Sheikh Shakhbout bin Sultan Al Nahyan|
|Birth Place||Al Ain, UAE|
|Predecessor||Saqr I bin Zayed Al Nahyan|
|Successor||Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan|
|Died||11 February 1989 (aged 84)|
|Father||Sultan bin Zayed Al Nahyan|
|Born||1 June 1905|
|Mother||Sheikha Salama bint Butti|
|Spouses||Sheikha Fakhera bint Hazza Al Nahyan
Mariam bint Rashid Al Otaiba
Sheikh Shakhbout bin Sultan Al Nahyan Reign
Shakhbut started his reign in Abu Dhabi in the year 1928, succeeding his uncle Sheikh Saqr I bin Zayed Al Nahyan. He had adopted a belligerent commercialism and stored gold during his rule. On August 06, 1966 he was taken over and later escorted to London, in a bloodless deposition by his brother Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, along with British-led Trucial Oman Scouts. Afterwards, he had shifted to Lebanon and stayed there till late 1960’s or early 1970’s before being allowed to Abu Dhabi by his brother who became the President of the federation of the United Arab Emirates in 1971.
Sheikh Shakhbout bin Sultan Al Nahyan Personal life
He was married to his first cousin Sheikha Fakhera bint Hazza Al Nahyan. She was mother of his two sons, Sultan and Saeed and four daughters Osha, Mozah, Qoot and Rawdha. Both of his sons died at a young age while living in exile with their father. His son Saeed got married in the year 1963 in Buraimi, to daughter of Sheikh Zayed. Their successors still live in Abu Dhabi. Mariam bint Rashid Al Otaiba was the name of his second wife. Shakhbut was awarded the Nahda order (highest Jordanian award then) by King Hussein on April 24, 1966.