Sheikh of the Bani Yas of the Liwa Oasis (Abu Dhabi emirate), Sheikh Dhiyab bin Isa Al Nahyan ruled from 1761 to 1793. He was the founder of Al Bu Falah dynasty, which rules the capital of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). As a leader of Bani Yas tribal confederation, he decided to send a hunting party from Liwa in 1761. The party tracked a gazelle to a brackish spring, which later became the symbol of Abu Dhabi. Dhiyab ordered his son Shakbut to move to the island in 1793, wherein he went on to build a village of around 20 houses, along with a fort.

In a short span of time, the village expanded; there were 400 houses on the island after 24 months. It quickly became the capital of Bani Yas. Dhiyab also visited Abu Dhabi in 1793 to tell a branch of the Al Bu Falah to stop creating trouble with a neighbouring tribe. It was led by his cousin Hazza Hazza, who returned from Behain to kill Dhiyab during an argument. However, Dhiyab’s son Shakhbut was supported by the elders of Bani Yas. After the supporters of Hazza were defeated, he went into exile, paving the way for Dhiyab’s son Shakhbut to accede as sheikh.

Sheikh Dhiyab bin Isa Al Nahyan Biography

Sheikh Dhiyab bin Isa bin Al Nahayan was the Sheikh of Abu Dhabi (1761–1793) and the founder of the Al Abu Falah dynasty, which still rules Abu Dhabi today. He is a grandson of Dawud Al Nahyan.

Real Name Sheikh Dhiyab bin Isa bin Al Nahayan
Birth Place Liwa Oasis (now Abu Dhabi emirate, UAE)
Reign 1761–1793
House Al Nahyan family
Successor Shakhbut bin Dhiyab Al Nahyan
Father Isa bin Nahyan Al Nahyan
Religion Islam