The Birla Family is an Indian family that has ties to the social and industrial history of India. The Maheshwari family is related to the Vaishya traders. However, they were expelled from their community in 1922 after one of their members, Rameshwar Das Birla was believed to have violated the caste marriage rules.
They are Marwari, and are called Marwari by Rajasthani merchants. The family is from Pilani, North-east Rajasthan. They maintain their Pilani residence and operate several educational institutions, including the BITS, Pilani. Here we look into Birla Family Tree.
- 1 Shiv Narayan Birla
- 2 Baldev Das Birla
- 3 Baldeo Das Birla Children – G D Birla, J K Birla, R D Birla & B M Birla | Birla Family Tree
- 4 Baldeo Das Birla Grandchildren – M P Birla, Gajanan Birla, Lakshmi Niwas Birla, Krishna Kumar Birla, Basant Kumar Birla & G P Birla
- 4.1 – Madhav Prasad Birla
- 4.2 – Gajanan Birla
- 4.3 – Lakshmi Niwas Birla
- 4.4 – Krishna Kumar Birla
- 4.5 – Basant Kumar Birla
- 4.6 – Ganga Prasad Birla
- 4.7 Baldeo Das Birla Great Grandchildren | Birla Family Tree
- 4.8 1. Ashok Birla
- 4.9 2. Sudarshan Birla
- 4.10 3. Aditya Vikram Birla
- 4.11 4. Chandra Kant Birla
- 4.12 5. Yashovardhan Birla
- 4.13 6. Sidharth Birla
- 4.14 7. Kumar Mangalam Birla
- 4.15 Kumar Mangalam Birla: Childhood and early years of education
- 4.16 Kumar Mangalam Birla: Career
- 5 Birla Family Net Worth
- 6 Birla Family: Philanthropy
Shiv Narayan Birla
Seth Shobharam was a grandson of Seth Bhudharmal and a local tradesman with modest means. He lived in Pilani in the early 19th Century. Seth Shiv Narayana (1840-1909), his son, was the first to venture outside Pilani. Ahmedabad, which was then the railwayhead that served trade from large parts of northwest India, was established in this time. The bulk of the goods, mainly cotton, would be brought to the city from the hinterland and then transported by train to Bombay to be exported to England and other nations.
Ahmedabad also had several cotton ginning facilities to clean the cotton before it was shipped to England. One of the first Indian traders to take part in this cotton trade was Shiv Narayanabirla. Britain encouraged the trade in opium with China later and established poppy cultivation in India.
Because of its climate and soil, the Ratlam region was a prime area for poppy cultivation. The family fortune was built on the trading of opium with China by Shiv Narayan and Baldeo Das Birla. Shiv Narayana Birla, who was gaining wealth and confidence, began charting cargo ships with other Marwadi tradersmen to trade opium and China. This bypassed the British middlemen. He moved to Bombay in 1863 to facilitate this.
Baldev Das Birla
One thing that Shiv Narayanbirla was most sad about in his life was the fact that he didn’t have any children. In the 1880s Shiv Narayan (Narain), his business interests had been passed to his adopted son Baldev Das Birla. He established Shivnarayan Baldevdas in Bombay, a trading company. Baldev Das Birla, his son, moved to Calcutta and established Baldevdas Jugalkishor. Baldeo Das was succeeded in death by his four sons Jugal Kishore Das, Rameshwar Das , Ghanshyam Das , and Braj Mohan.
In 1917, Baldev Das received the title Raibahadur. He retired from business in 1920 and began living in Banaras to pursue religious studies. He was made “Raja” in 1925 by Orissa and Bihar governments. He was awarded D. Litt. Banaras Hindu University.
Baldeo Das Birla Children – G D Birla, J K Birla, R D Birla & B M Birla | Birla Family Tree
Ghanshyam Das Birla
Born – 10 April, 1894
G.D. Birla founded the Birla Bros Limited jute mill in 1919 against stiff resistance from the British and Scottish merchants. In 1926, he was elected to the Central Legislative Assembly.
Jugal Kishore Birla
Born – 1883
Birla Brothers Limited was run by Jugal Kishore Birla and G.D. Birla. He was an activist for Hinduism and a philanthropist.
Rameshwar Das Birla
Born – 1892
Baldeo Das Birla’s second son, he established many educational and hospital organizations in Kolkata, Mumbai and Pilani.
Baldeo Das Birla Grandchildren – M P Birla, Gajanan Birla, Lakshmi Niwas Birla, Krishna Kumar Birla, Basant Kumar Birla & G P Birla
– Madhav Prasad Birla
Born – 1918
Married – Priyamvada Devi
M.P. Birla established companies such as Indian Smelting, Birla Corp., Vindhya Telelinks, Hindustan Gum and Chemicals, Universal Cables, and Digvijay Woollen Mills.
– Gajanan Birla
– Lakshmi Niwas Birla
He founded the Birla High School in Kolkata.
– Krishna Kumar Birla
Born – 1918
Married – Manorama Devi
He was chairman of the ZuariChambal company group. He was instrumental in the development of India’s sugar industry. He was also the chairman of Zuari-Chambal-Paradeep, a fertilizer conglomerate. He was the father of Shobhana Bhattia, Jyoti Podar, and Nandini Nopany.
– Basant Kumar Birla
Born – 1921
Married – Sarala Biyani
He is currently the chairman of the BK Birla Institute of Engineering and Technology and of the Krishnarpan Charity Trust.
– Ganga Prasad Birla
Born – 1922
Married – Nirmala
G.P. Birla’s companies are Nigeria Engineering Works and Hindustan Motors.
Baldeo Das Birla Great Grandchildren | Birla Family Tree
1. Ashok Birla
2. Sudarshan Birla
3. Aditya Vikram Birla
4. Chandra Kant Birla
5. Yashovardhan Birla
6. Sidharth Birla
7. Kumar Mangalam Birla
Kumar Mangalam Birla: Childhood and early years of education
Born in Kolkata to parents who were originally from Rajasthan, Kumar Birla is a member of the Birla family’s fourth generation. He grew up in a joint household in Mumbai with his younger sister Vasavadatta Birla, his parents Aditya Vikram Birla and Rajashree Birla, and his younger brother.
He received his secondary education at Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics, and his undergraduate education from H.R. College of Commerce and Economics, both of which are affiliated with the University of Mumbai. After that, he went on to complete his education at London Business School and received his Master of Business Administration degree from the University of London in 1992. In addition to that, he is an honorary fellow at LBS. He graduated from the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India with a chartered accountant degree (ICAI).
Kumar Mangalam Birla: Career
In 1995, when Birla was only 28 years old, he succeeded his late father Aditya Vikram Birla as chairman of the Aditya Birla Group. His father had passed away the previous year. The yearly turnover of the business has climbed from $2 billion in 1995 to $45 billion in 2021, while he has been serving as chairman of the board of directors. The group now has a presence in 36 countries spread over six continents, and more than fifty percent of its revenue comes from its operations in other nations.
Birla Family Net Worth
Kumar Birla, a fourth generation Birla, has a net worth of $9.2 Billion as of September 2014. He ranks at #9 on India’s Richest list.
Birla Family: Philanthropy
Philanthropy on the part of the Birla family dates back to the 1880s, when they contributed more than one hundred thousand rupees to the establishment of goshalas (protective shelters for cows) in Kolkata. Because to Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya’s influence, the Birla family became supporters of education around the turn of the twentieth century.
Together with Jamnalal Bajaj, they contributed to charitable organizations that promoted educational causes in Kolkata and Mumbai. The family opened up the first high school in Pilani in 1918; it is still in operation today under the name birla school pilani and is considered to be one of the oldest schools in India.
Birla Education Trust (BET), which later developed into BITS Pilani and currently has additional campuses in Hyderabad, Goa, and Dubai, is responsible for running all six of the organization’s institutions. Additionally, a Sanskrit library was established at Benares, in addition to a library in Kolkata. It is well recognized for its financial support of India’s liberation struggle as well as its construction of temples (for an example, see the Birla Temple) in several of the most important cities in India.